Needless to say, an engine lubrication system is a quintessential part of every automobile’s engine. An engine lubrication system fulfills numerous functions so as to carry out safe and reliable operations of an engine. The lubrication system in a car delivers a proportionate amount of lubricant to various parts of the engine to keep them cool, clean, devoid of any rusting and corrosion and to help them move in perfect harmony with all the other parts of the engine.
Since an engine is the heart of a vehicle, it needs to work continuously, so that other parts of the vehicle can play their respective roles. This incessant working of the engine requires working of other parts of the engine as well, which leads to obvious wear and tear. A lubrication system ensures less wear and tear of the numerous parts of the engine. It also ensures that all the parts are working absolutely efficiently at controlled temperatures.
Let’s talk about the various types of Engine Lubrication Systems as put together by the renowned manufacturers, exporters, and Importers of Man Truck Parts.
Mist Lubrication System: The first and the foremost type of engine lubrication system is the mist lubrication system. Under this system a proportionate amount of lubricating oil, 2 to 3%, and the fuel, preferably gasoline is mixed. The mixture of the oil and the fuel is generated through the carburetor. Gradually, gasoline gets vaporized while the oil in the form of a mist enters the cylinder via the crank base.When then mist gets in the crank base, it greases the main and the numerous connecting rods along with the piston, piston rings, and cylinder.
Dry Sump Lubrication System: This is also a most common form of the lubrication system. Under this form, a holding tank positioned in the airframe or mounted on the engine stores the lubricating oil. This type of system stores a large supply of lubricating oil and also contains an oil cooler to control the temperature of the oil. The dry sump lubrication system is actually used for heavy-duty commercial vehicles.
Wet-Sump Lubrication System: Wet-sump lubrication system helps in the lubrication of engine components under the pressure feed. The lubricating oil under this system is stored in a crankcase or sump which also serves as an oil supply, oil storage tank, and oil cooler. The oil pump, under this system, is operated by the camshaft. Oil is drawn from the sump by an oil pump through an oil strainer to the main oil gallery at a pressure of 2-4 kg/cm 2 to lubricate the big-end bearings.