What are the Different Types of Shock Absorbers for Cars?

Technically as well as mechanically speaking a shock absorber is a car component which upon receiving a bump or shock impulse instantly smoothes it out and immediately converts it into kinetic energy. This kinetic energy will either be absorbed or dissipated by shock absorbers. In general, it is the electrical device used in cars and airplanes to reduce the impact of a shock impulse when the wheels of a car come in contact with a bump or a ditch on the surface of the road. It is an integral part of a vehicle’s suspension system and allows the vehicle to make a smooth and gliding ride on a bumpy and rocky road condition and provides a smooth and comfortable ride.

Tata Indica Parts Dealer

Depending up on the mechanics and usage, there are various types of shock absorbers, each serving different kinds of purposes. The experts of the highly acknowledged Tata Indica Parts dealers have listed in the blog two main types of shock absorbers.

Mono Tube Shock Absorber: The mono tube shock absorber is composed of a single tube with two valves. They are most specifically used in large and heavy vehicles and are filled with oil. The damping force is generated by the piston valves in both the extending and contracting stroke. The amount of fluid released from these valves depends on the speed when the car passes over a bump. If the vehicle passes over slow speed small ditches, the large valve gets opened and the large proportion of oil is released through the valves. The opposite is the case with the high-speed large bump.

Twin Tube Shock Absorber: The Twin Tube shock absorber consists of two tubes and valves. Now both the valves have different tasks to accomplish. One of the valves is connected to the piston rod which is attached to the outer tube and the other valve is installed into the inner tube. In the Twin Tube shock absorbers, the damping force is generated by the piston valve in the extending stroke whereas in the contracting stroke the damping force is generated by the base valve. The inner tube which has a smaller circumference reduces the impact of bumps on the road whereas the outer tube is responsible for handling the rebound control.