Spare Parts for Ashok - Car's Air Conditioning Orifice Tube: Symptoms and Replacement

Car’s Air Conditioning Orifice Tube: Symptoms and Replacement

The spare parts industry pundits of one of the leading suppliers of Spare Parts for Ashok Leyland in this blog would like to discuss in detail the symptoms and accordingly the replacement procedure of car air conditioning orifice tube, or most commonly known as the expansion valve. Orifice Tube is a device that plays a quintessential role in the high mileage automobiles. We know why air conditioning systems are put in cars, obviously to keep the passenger compartment of a car cool and airy. Among many other parts that keep the car AC system running, Orifice Tube is the one that is critical to the optimum functioning of the car air conditioners.

Before the auto part experts of the highly acknowledged and world-renowned dealers of Leyland Truck Parts get straight down to why orifice tubes malfunction and signs they roll out when they rear the impending failure, let first understand the reason why they are a part of a car’s air conditioning system.

Why is Orifice Tube there in your car’s AC system?

The orifice tube, most popularly known as expansion valve is there in your car’s AC system to keep it flowing. You’ll find the orifice tube in the car’s AC system at the evaporator inlet. They gauge and monitor the flow of refrigerant entering the evaporator. The brass hole of a predetermined size tracks this refrigerant. Since the car air conditioning system’s operation needs vary depending upon the need of the passengers sitting in the car cabin, sometimes high and sometimes low, the orifice tube controls and accordingly adjust the amount of refrigerant going into the evaporator. This balancing of the flow of cooling inside the cabin is necessary for the AC to operate effectively.

Read AlsoLet’s Talk About Compression Ratio

Irrespective of the car air conditioning system’s operating condition, if too much refrigerant is allowed to enter the evaporator, it would get too cold inside the passenger cabin, and ultimately the moisture collected on it would freeze on the evaporator coil. This extreme freezing on the evaporator coil would discourage the flow of hot air through the fins, dismissing the cold refrigerant flowing inside the evaporator coil to absorb heat from the air. This will eventually lead to a complete cooling halt. Similar is the case, if we were to allow too little refrigerant to enter the evaporator, then there would not be enough refrigerant to absorb the heat from the air, thus zero cooling effect.

Leyland Truck Parts

Now, this continuous metering of the flow of refrigerant entering the evaporator according to evaporator temperature and the load and cooling demand of the AC system may lead to certain problem or failure of the expansion valve or orifice tube.

Let’s have a look at some of the tell-tale signs of a faulty expansion valve or orifice tube.

Air conditioning system blowing hot air: This puts a stamp on the fact that something is definitely not ok with your AC system’s metering device. The AC system’s expansion valve work hand-in-hand with the system’s orifice tube to regulate the flow of refrigerant entering the evaporator. So if either of the components malfunctions or witnesses an issue, it can put a huge burden on the working and performance of the AC system. This can cause the air conditioning system to underperform. The AC system might start giving less cold air than before or worse, it may start giving hot air.

Frost on the evaporator or coming from the air ducts: Another issue with the malfunctioned or failing AC expansion valve or orifice tube is the frost coming from the air ducts or the AC vents. When the AC expansion valve or orifice tube fails, it can cause an unregulated and unmetered amount of refrigerant to flow through the vehicle’s AC system. This causes the freezing of the evaporator coil or frost coming from the vehicle’s AC vents because of the escalated supply of the refrigerant through the vehicle’s AC system.

Round the clock running AC compressor: Failed expansion valve or orifice tube can also lead to AC compressor running constantly, that is the compressor will pump refrigerant continuously through the vehicle AC’s system, even when there is no need for the compressor to do so. This will put the compressor and other AC system’s components under uncalled for pressure leading to premature failure of the system entirely.

The expansion valve and the orifice tube are important vehicle AC system components critical to the working and performance of the AC system. If you have a suspicion that your vehicle’s AC system might be having a trouble, have your vehicle’s AC system inspected by a professional mechanic or do the replacement yourself.

Steps to Replace Your Vehicle’s AC System Orifice Tube

Tools Required

  • New Orifice Tube
  • Seal
  • Screwdriver
  • Nose Pliers
  • Wrench Set
  • Drain Pan
  • Drop Light
  • Safety Glasses
  • Coveralls and Gloves
  • Vehicle Owner Manual

Also ReadLane Keeping Assist System: Keep Your Car in Lane

Step 1: Before getting straight under the hood of the car and looking for expansion valve and orifice tube, get familiar with the entire AC system by referring to the vehicle owner manual. This will help you get used to with all the AC system components and the parts you have to work on and replace.

Step 2: Now, locate the orifice tube which you will find housed in a Y junction, sandwiched between the condenser and the front evaporator. It runs along the side of the radiator, close to the mounting.

Step 3: Taking an open-ended wrench, disconnect the orifice tube by loosening up the coupling in the liquid line, just after the junction box, away from the radiator. You will find a small rubber seal within the liquid line that must first be removed in order to remove the orifice tube. Use a screwdriver or nose pliers to remove the seal, located on the end of the liquid line coupling.

Step 4: Now, you’ll clearly see orifice tube within the liquid line. Using pliers take out the orifice tube out of the line. Do it carefully, to avoid doing harm to both liquid line and orifice tube.

Step 5: Once the faulty orifice tube is pried out of the line, put the new one back on. Simply follow the steps in the reverse order we have just mentioned to put everything back together.

Step 6: Once everything is back in their original place, charge the air conditioning system. Once charged, switch on the air conditioning system and if it is allowing better flow of air.

For more information on this topic, please visit BP Auto Spares India or ask the experts.

Quick Steps to Remove Transaxle in Your Car

Quick Steps to Remove Transaxle in Your Car

The car part experts of one of the leading suppliers of Tata Telcoline Parts explain by breaking up the word Transaxle and driving its true meaning. Basically, the word Transaxle is made with the combination of two words “transmission” and “driven axle” giving us the glimpse of its true meaning and what it actually does.

What is a Transaxle?

A Transaxle is a very quintessential part of your vehicle. It is a complex machine that connects the functionalities of a transmission and final drive components like a differential. That is, Transaxles are highly proficient and capable of driving the axles without the assistance of any additional car component. A Transaxle is particularly useful in front-wheel-drive cars, where the constant velocity axles can be attached directly to the transmission control unit. You’ll also find Transaxles in front-engine rear-wheel-drive applications.

How Does a Transaxle Works?

A Transaxle is engineered and machined to transmit power from the engine to the drive wheel of the car via the driven axles, also helping the drivers change the gearing ratio. Referring to the likes of British English, a “transmission” is basically a word that takes into account the various components in the drive train, which includes both the transmission and the differential. Now talking about the actual difference between the Transaxle and the British English version of the word “transmission” is that a Transaxle is capable of holding both a transmission and a differential in a single housing.

Find More Auto Spare Parts List

What are the various components of Transaxle?

Now the composition of a transaxle and the parts it includes largely depends on the design, make and model of a vehicle that can be very different depending on the brand you choose. But there are few components that are common when talking about the structure of the Transaxle such as a differential and a transmission. Some of the other major components that Transaxle includes are

• Bearings
• Gears and clutches
• Shafts: counter, idler, or input

Read Also: Samsung and HARMAN Together Unveil Digital Cockpit Platform for Autonomous Cars

Now, a transaxle boasts varied amounts and configurations of these said components than either a transmission or a differential individually boasts. Along with allowing the driver to change gear ratios, which is mainly a function of the transmission, the transaxle is also responsible for distributing torque to the drive wheels.

What causes Transaxle Failure?

A Transaxle is made of a transmission, differential, along with other 5 components we’ve mentioned above. So a slight malfunctioning or failing of the any of the 7 components can lead to a Transaxle failure. So keep your eyes and nose open for the tell-tale signs of Transaxle Failure.

The symptoms of Transaxle Failure includes,

• Rotten or overused transmission fluid
• Slithering or skidding gears
• Transmission noise (when in neutral)
• Excessive jostling on shifting gears
• Tug when coasting
• Excessive noise when starting the vehicle

Quick Steps to Remove Transaxle

Read Also: Let’s Talk About Electric Superchargers

1. First you need to get rid of the battery tray.
2. Then put aside the shift control cable bracket.
3. Now it’s time dislodge the electrical connector from the input speed sensor.
4. Then, take the turn of disconnecting the electrical connectors from the transaxle range switch.
5. Remove the wire harness from the transaxle range switch.
6. Remove the nut securing the battery negative cable and wire harness ground to the transaxle stud.
7. Remove the battery negative cable and wire harness ground from the transaxle stud.
8. Now, disengage the electrical connector from the output speed sensor.
9. Unscrew the required nuts and disconnect fuel line retaining clip from the transaxle.
10. Unyoke the transaxle vent tube.
11. Put aside the wire harness, vent hose, and shift cable up away from the transaxle in a spate tray.
12. Remove the upper 4 bolts that connect transaxle-to-engine.
13. Tether together the radiator, air conditioning condenser and fan module assembly to the upper radiator support so that the assembly stays with the vehicle when the frame and drive train are removed.
14. Remove the left hand transaxle bolts that connect mount-to-transaxle.
15. Remove the left hand transaxle bolts that connect mount-to-side rail.
16. Now unfasten the left hand transaxle mount from the vehicle entirely.
17. Using the jack raise the vehicle enough for you to slip under it and place jack stands at the rear-end wheels.
18. Pull out both the front wheels.
19. As soon as the front wheels are out, detach the left and right side engine splash shields.
20. Withdraw the steering intermediate shaft pinch bolt and pull out the bolt completely.
21. Uncouple the steering intermediate shaft from the steering gear.
22. Now from the steering knuckles, pull out the right and left outer tie rod ends.
23. From the stabilizer shaft, take out the right and left stabilizer shaft links.
24. Pull out the right and left lower ball joints from the steering knuckles.
25. Unsecure the front bumper fascia air deflector.
26. Let all the transaxle fluid drain into a pan.
27. Unsecure the transaxle oil cooler lines from the transaxle.
28. Put in the collet piece of tool J 45201 into the cooler line seal.
29. Put in the forcing screw piece of the J 45201 into the collet.
30. Tighten the forcing screw until it’s completely snug with no room for extra rotating.
31. Tighten the collar piece of J 45201 onto the collet until snug.
32. Rotate the collar clockwise so that you can remove the cooler line seal.
33. Let go of the cooler line seal.
34. Thoroughly wipe clean the case bores for the cooler line seals with a clean piece of cloth.
35. Take off the engine-to-transaxle brace bolts along with the brace.
36. Take away the starter motor.
37. Rotate the crankshaft balancer bolt clockwise so that you can gain access all the way to the torque converter-to-flywheel bolts through the starter motor hole.
38. Remove the torque bolts that connects the converter-to-flywheel
39. Put aside the front engine mount.
40. Now, remove the through bolt from the rear transaxle mount and bracket.
41. Position a universal frame support fixture under the frame.
42. Now, slowly lower the vehicle until the frame comes into contact with the frame support fixture.
43. Unsecure the frame-to-body bolts and let go of all the bolts.
44. Raise the vehicle slightly up away from the frame so that you can remove the frame from under the vehicle.
45. Disarticulate the right and left half shafts from the intermediate shaft and transaxle.

Keep them both out of the way.

46. Separate the intermediate shaft.
47. Put the transaxle on a suitable transaxle jack.
48. Remove the 4 lower bolts that connect transaxle-to-engine.
49. Glissade the transaxle away from the engine
50. If it is engineered with a drive axle seal dust cover, remove it too and do not replace it.
51. Now put down the transaxle away from the vehicle.

In case you want to gain an in-depth knowledge of the transaxle, you can contact the auto parts experts of the largest Exporters of Auto Parts in India, BP Auto Spares India or can look for an OEM quality transaxle from our catalog.

Mahindra Spare Parts

How Exhaust Headers Improve Engine Performance?

The automotive car part experts of one of the highly acclaimed and reputed Mahindra Spare Parts exporters say that constantly keeping and maintaining and improving your engine’s performance is a vicious circle, the more you do, the more again is needed. It’s a never-ending task because here we are talking about the most quintessential part of the vehicle, negligence in the upkeep of whom will only hamper your driving experience and contribute to the higher repair and maintenance cost. Engine maintenance and upkeep will only bring out huge advancement in your car engine and better and better your vehicle’s overall performance.

Also, if you always keep a tight leash around the neck of your car repair and maintenance budget then you should start prioritizing the important and significant car modification steps, which according to us, includes installing top-quality and reliable exhaust performance headers in your car. Why? For now, to put this in a nutshell, exhaust performance headers remove non-performance exhaust dirt in your car ensuring that the engine performs without any hindrance and so that the maximum potential of the engine can be maximized.

Now let’s first clearly understand Exhaust Headers.

What are Exhaust Headers?

Mahindra PartsEngines are often been regarded as air pumps, that’s because an engine’s performance and working efficiency are equated to how well it can get air in and out of its cylinders. This is also the forefront reason why certain car-performance-enhancing modifications naming air filters, cold air intake systems, headers, and cat-back exhaust systems are carried out so as to make the intake and exhaust systems more effective.

The parts we have mentioned above are engineered to increase the flow of air into the engine while decreasing the flow of exhaust gas out of the engine. Headers are placed where exhaust manifolds are in the vehicle’s engine. Exhaust manifolds are the first part of your vehicle’s exhaust system between the cylinder heads and the front exhaust pipe. They are a series of individual tubes that are attached to a flange that bolts to the engine cylinder head and meet in a larger tube called a collector that merges the tube into one large tube and attach them to the rest of the exhaust system.

Exhaust headers have the great tendency of drawing exhaust gases out of your engine in comparison to OEM quality original exhaust manifolds you’ll find in cars.

In case you are looking for OEM quality Exhaust headers for your car, BP Auto Spares India is one stop shop for all your spare parts related findings.

Why Diesel Engines Produce More Torque Than Petrol and Gas Engines?

Why Diesel Engines Produce More Torque Than Petrol and Gas Engines?

The auto parts industry experts of one of the leading and top-notch Iveco Cargo Spare Parts dealers say that diesel engines have always been the preference of not only the customers but also the automakers for a simple and high-valued reason that they are designed to shell out higher torque output than petrol or gas engines. Agreed? Though an eye-boggling horsepower is something that instantly drives everyone’s attention, it is the torque that does wonders for drivability. This is the primary reason why diesel engines haves a huge say in the automobile world, well, until VW kind of ruined it for everyone.

We know diesel and gas engines are viewed kind of similar on the surface to most of the people. It is generally because of the specifications both the engines boast that these engines are seen in the same light, except for the interesting power figures both these engines present. Cars with diesel engines generally struggle to meet head-to-head with their gasoline-engine-induced counterparts, they are known for rolling out considerably higher acceleration and horsepower. But diesel is known for producing way more torque than petrol and gas engines.

Read AlsoEmerging In-Car User Experience and User Interface Designs

So what makes a diesel engine produce more torque than an equivalent gas and petrol engine?

Let’s have a look at those factors.

  1. Diesel engines are proficient in making use of higher compression ratios, which gives out more torque.
  2. Diesel fuel is engineered to undergo complete combustion much sooner as compared to petrol and gas, meaning that the fuel spends more time to compress the air to such a high pressure and temperature that the fuel ignites all by itself that it doesn’t need a spark plug for ignition.
  3. Diesel engines have longer strokes in the combustion cycle that is, the piston travels further up and down to compress the air. The general equation of torque is the force multiplied by distance and if you are increasing that distance, then you’ll get more torque.
  4. Diesel fuel boasts more calorific value and is more energy-dense than gasoline. Diesel fuel burns more steadily and faster than gasoline which means you can exert more energy from diesel fuel than with the same amount of gasoline.

To have more information on diesel fuel and what makes it better for cars, you can contact the experts of BP Auto Spares India. Just visit our website, drop us an email or call.

How Blockchain Technology is changing the Automobile Industry

How Blockchain Technology is Revolutionizing the Automobile Industry?

The industry experts of leading Tata Spare Parts dealers are shedding light on some of the application for Blockchain Technology in the Automobile Industry. But before we get down straight to the matter let’s refresh our memories and quickly mug up everything that is Bitcoin, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency.

Blockchain has first made its presence known when the Bitcoin was in the process of making its roots permanent across the global economy, a wonderful way of keeping track of all the BItcoin transactions that Satoshi Nakamoto (2008) conceptualized in his White Paper, soon after the birth of Bitcoin. Blockchain represents how Bitcoin transactions are actually carried and is a systematic, secure and decentralized ledger for processing the Bitcoin transactions. Apart from its applications in the financial sector, Blockchain Technology has various useful applications in the automotive industry too.

While financial sector has been leveraging the potential of Blockchain technology for a couple of years, the automotive industry has just started exploring ways to incorporate this promising technology. The automotive industry is steadily moving towards the wonderful age of digitization that will alter everything we are previously used to because of the application of Blockchain technology in the automotive industry and the pace at which it is revolutionizing the sector.

Read AlsoLet’s Talk About Electric Superchargers

We know how a simple car feature of cruise control surpassing the real motive of improving the driving experience for the drivers has now been transformed and turned into self-driving cars which are taking the world by storm. A next big step towards the revolution of the automotive industry is how vehicles are now being able to communicate with each other and pass on information about the various road conditions and turns and takes they are going to take. The latest technological advancements in the field of the automobile have proved that vehicles are no more a mere mode of transportation and the integration of Blockchain technology will further solidify this fact and will bring out solutions to the most pressing automotive issues.

  1. There is no anyone who can alter the records in the chain, i.e it is completely immutable.
  2. All the transactions in the chain can be scrutinized and evaluated.
  3. It is completely secure, as long as the public ledger is properly functioning.
  4. No need of intermediates, each member in the chain can interact and communicate with each other directly because of no centralized body governing the system.
  5. The transactions are carried at a high speed as compared to centrally controlled operations.
  6. Each network member has a copy of the registry, so the point of data loss is completely out of question.
  7. Since all the data is encrypted through cryptography, data is completely secure and safe.

Applications for Blockchain Technology in the Automotive Industry

Automotive/Internet of Things Interactions

We are gearing towards an era where machines will control everything and do everything we know. We know how autonomous or self-drive cars are taking over the need of drivers in the vehicles, how machines themselves will contact with each other to transmit information regarding the road conditions and the routes they will take. The interaction and communication of machines and devices installed in the future cars will certainly require an immutable database of shared, secure, and highly permissioned access that only Blockchain technology will provide.

Also Read: Let’s Unwind Rear Cross Traffic Alert System

This can be a shared public ledger between OEM auto parts distributors, suppliers, exporters or importers like the largest Tata Indica Parts dealers, automobile dealerships, auto service mechanics, insurance providers. This promising technology can also provide support ability for the components and spare parts within a vehicle to automatically sense for what it is made and what are its needs.

Car sales and Leasing

We often get cheated when looking for a second-hand car, the truth of its real condition we only get to know once we have driven the car a few miles and the problems start dropping in. A compromising odometer, faulty air-conditioner, way too old tires or the car is driven longer than what we have been told. Blockchain can help remove these discrepancies while purchasing an old/ second-hand car model. As we have discussed earlier in this blog, no records in the chain can be modified, they are immutable, you can cross check whether what the seller is saying is true or not by comparing the records stored in the blockchain. You will be able to check each and every aspect of the car before making your final call.

Auto Insurance

The current auto insurance claim system requires a plethora of documentation, submission, and reference resources to actually get to the point of claim verification. Having a proper record of these events over a public, distributed ledger will smoothen out the entire insurance claim processing and will also streamline the corresponding payouts and service contracts related to financing and carrying out repairs. The automotive quality equipment manufactures or car insures upon receiving fraudulent information via false claims or other false resources with the help of smart contracts or private keys can verify if the submission is genuine or not.

Supply Chain Management

Blockchain technology eliminates the risk of duplicate information or two systems boasting conflicting data or information. This is because Blockchain gives information from one original source, in real time, which strikes out the chances of two-way information. Both systems and people can proceed more confidently and much faster because they are getting true, accurate and trustworthy data at that moment. Blockchain technology helps in bringing speed and simplicity to complex and slow automobile business operations while significantly reducing the cost of running multiple IT operations.

The automotive industry is steadily gearing towards a phrase where it is building momentum to experience blockchain lancing outside of the realm of R&D or a lab testing. It is now the time that blockchain technology in automotive industry should be visualized as one of the essential stepping stones of a modern and new generation infrastructure that supports vehicles of the future.


Comprehensive Guide to Replace Carburetors on Most CarsThe auto parts canyons of the highly reputed Mahindra Spare Parts and Mahindra Parts suppliers before getting down straight to the steps to replace carburetors on most cars would first like to explain when, why and how carburetors came into existence.

Carburetors came into existence in the late 18th century. Since then, a lot of composition and design changes have been attributed to carburetors and variations have been carried out to develop and roll out engines with increased power, performance and efficiency. Today, we have with us different types of carburetors segregating themselves from each other in terms of function, complexity, and effectiveness. Each one is made to suit and work effectively with certain automotive applications.

Carburetors are designed to mix fuel and air in an appropriate ratio for complete combustion in an internal combustion engine. Carburetors are designed to function on the principle of static and dynamic air pressure which is quite popularly known as Bernoulli’s principle. According to this principle, the air is pumped into the engine more quickly, increasing its dynamic pressure. This dynamic air pressure is monitored by the carburetor which allows the corresponding amount of fuel to mix with the air for a complete combustion in an internal combustion engine.

In a nutshell, a carburetor is basically a hunk of aluminum with a bunch of holes drilled into it which is housed in vehicles to carry out the following functions,

  1. It is responsible for combining the air and fuel for developing a highly combustible mixture in the internal combustion engine.
  2. It also monitors the proportion of air and fuel that goes into the combustion chamber by matching the supply quantity of fuel to the amount of air entering the engine.
  3. It also happens to control the engine’ speed and performance.

You can also check our blog on Carburetors to know more about their working and functionality.

The ideal ratio of air-to-fuel for efficiency, by weight, is 14.7:1. The rate and the ratio of fuel and air that enters the engine entirely depend on the driver’s want from the engine. So, ultimately the driver’s job is to respond correctly to the throttle input from the driver and the stored vacuum in the engine. This inspection helps carburetor send an appropriate amount of air and fuel mixture into the internal combustion engine.

When the engine is in non-working condition and is idling, the throttle plate is nearly closed, not allowing air to peek through the carburetor. On the slip side, when the driver pushes the accelerator pedal all the way down, the throttle pedal is completely open, allowing the engine to swallow more air and along with it more fuel.

When the carburetor isn’t working fine, this leads to disproportionate quantities of air and mixture to mix together in an internal combustion engine, which leads to certain car running conditions. There may be a loss of power; engine overheating and the fuel economy can suffer at the expense of it. Now, the steps to carry out Carburetor replacement we have mentioned below is meant for most cars and is not subjected to any specific car model. Since the automobile market is full of different types of carburetors and not all automakers use the same kind, largest Mahindra Parts distributors have put up this blog to provide this overview which is boasting all of the basics of carburetors in general.

Comprehensive Guide to Replace Carburetors on Most Cars

Tools You’ll Need

  • Complete Extension set
  • Nut wrenches
  • Light solvents, such as brake clean or alcohol
  • Marker and tape
  • Pliers
  • Scraper or razor blade
  • Screwdrivers
  • Shop rags or towels
  • Small fuel-safe bowl or tray
  • Small pry bar
  • Socket set
  • Wrench set
  • Latex gloves
  • Safety glasses
  • Coveralls

Steps to Replace Carburetors in Most Cars

  1. First, open the hood of the car and remove the air cleaner assembly in order to gain full access to the carburetor.
  2. Now applying the parking brake, start the engine. Going to the carburetor again, check the signs of visible fuel leaks around the seals of the carburetor.
  3. Once you find that the seals are alright and there are no signs of leaks, look further to make sure that it is indeed the carburetor that needs replacement.
  4. Now, with the engine still running at the idle, make some adjustments to the fuel and air mixture screws. If the engine idling doesn’t change then that means there is some problem with the carburetor and it needs to be replaced as soon as possible.
  5. Turn the engine off and carefully monitor the carburetor throttle bore. The buildup of carbon in the throttle bore points straight to the fact that there is rich fuel condition, which is often caused by internal carburetor damage.
  6. Remove the rubber vacuum hoses from the carburetor. Make sure you mark the areas with the masking tape or a marker to remember the exact spots where the hoses need to be reconnected again.
  7. Now using the pliers remove the fuel lines from the carburetor.
  8. Now, disconnect the throttle linkage from the carburetor.
  9. Once all the fuel lines are disconnected from the carburetor, using the nut wrench unscrew all the nuts from the intake manifold stud bolts and remove the carburetor.
  10. Before replacing the old carburetor, compare both, the new and the old one to verify that you have the right carburetor with you.
  11. Also, carefully study the gasket between the intake manifold and the carburetor. If it is broken, bent or wrapped, replace it too.
  12. After the intake manifold gasket has been replaced, set the new carburetor onto it and secure the carburetor to it by tightening the mounting bolts.
  13. Reconnect the throttle linkage and the new fuel lines again to the new carburetor following the marks on the old carburetor.

We strongly recommend that if you are not used to working under the hood of the car, have a professional or a mechanic replace the carburetor for you.

Power Brake Booster Replacement Guide

Power Brake Booster Replacement Guide| BP Auto Spares India

The auto parts experts of leading Man Spare Parts and Man truck parts suppliers explain what role power steering plays for the vehicle’s steering system is similar to the role Power Brake Booster plays in the car’s car braking system. They would like to ask you few questions in reference to power brake booster failure. Is your car taking too long to come to a complete stop after applying brakes i.e. pushing the brake pedal all the way down to the ground? Are you tired of consistently pressing the brake pedal yet your car doesn’t seem to come to a complete halt? These scenarios indicate that there is something wrong with your car braking system. One of the main reasons for this to happen is because your car’s brake booster, the device that assists the car brake system, has malfunctioned or worn out because of leaks.

Paying utmost attention to the fact that a brake booster assists the car braking by controlling the amount of pressure created from the master cylinder to the brakes causing a stoppage, it is important to repair the power brake booster as soon as possible. Even with a bad brake booster, you can surely drive in a normal traffic, but during unfortunate circumstances when you really need to bring the car to a complete halt in a hurry, due to bad brake booster it will take longer than expected to bring your car to a complete stop.

Power Brake Booster Replacement Guide

So, it is always recommended to replace the malfunctioned Power Brake Booster as soon as you witness signs of braking difficulty.

Tools Required

  • Socket wrench
  • Tube nut wrench
  • Line wrenches
  • Needle Nose Pliers
  • Replacement brake booster
  • Measuring Tape and a marker
  • Carjack
  • Jack stand
  • Latex gloves
  • Safety glasses
  • Workshop manual

Read Also: What Are Three Different Types of Brake Noises?

Steps to Replace Power Brake Booster

  1. First, you need to raise your car enough so that you can slip under it. Use a jack to raise your car and place jack stands once your car is high enough that you easily work under it.
  2. In order to access the brake booster, you need to reach into the cavity of the car and locate the master cylinder.
  3. The cavity of the car and the master cylinder is located on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
  4. With the help of a tube nut wrench, turn the nut holding the brake line in place anticlockwise to remove it. Take note of the place from where who have removed the brake lines. Mark those places with a marker or a pen.
  5. Repeat the same with the other brake line, until the master cylinder is completely free of all the brake lines.
  6. Using the line wrench remove the master cylinder from the vehicle
  7. Once the master cylinder is removed from the car, now it is time to remove the brake booster from the brake pedal.
  8. Using the needle nose pliers take off the pin that is holding the brake booster in place.
  9. You can also take the assistance of socket wrench to remove the bolts that secure the brake booster to the engine and pull it out of the car cavity.
  10. Once the brake booster is removed, first inspect it to make sure that this is the part that has caused the problem in the first place and you are removing the damaged part.
  11. Once inspected, replace the faulty brake booster with the new one and screw into place with the help of a nut wrench.
  12. Now taking the socket wrench secure the brake booster to the engine with the bolts you have removed previously.
  13. Replace the pin in the diaphragm of the booster that holds it to the brake pedal.
  14. Now, it is time to inspect the master cylinder, making sure that the cylinder is in good condition with no signs of damage and put it back into its original place.
  15. If there is any damage to the master cylinder then you need to replace it as well.
  16. Just reserve the steps you have carried out to remove it from the engine. Reattach the master cylinder to its housing by tightening the bolts that secure the cylinder in place using the socket wrench.
  17. Reconnect the brake lines one by one to the cylinder; clearly following the marks you have placed to remember the spots using the tube nut wrench.
  18. Once everything is back into place, test the brake to make sure each component has been placed correctly. Once you are 100% sure that the brake booster is correctly placed in the car, remove the jack stands and lower the car to the ground.


Let’s Talk In Detail about Vehicle-to-Everything Technology (C2VX).

Let’s Talk In Detail about Vehicle-to-Everything Technology (C2VX)

The industry experts of one of the leading Suzuki Spare Parts dealers are highly impressed by the way the automotive electronics industry is gearing towards constant revolution year-after-year with the primary objective of making the cars safer, greener and to enhance the overall driving experience.

A steady increase and constant advancements in the wireless communication technology, radar sensor amalgamation, imaging technologies, Internet-of-Things and Big Data have opened new gates for the automobile industry and the manufacturers to explore the nooks of these technologies and device multiple solutions for a wide range of applications. The trend to manufacture ever smaller mechanical, optical and electronic products and devices, huge leaps in navigation systems and the inclusion of even smarter devices has pushed the boundaries of Vehicle-to-Everything Technology (C2VX).

Vehicle-to-Everything Technology (C2VX) today and tomorrow will play a huge role in the development of Internet-of-Things (IoT). It is to be believed with the way the car technologies are progressing that the smarter or the connected cars of the future will interact only among themselves and with the environment around.

Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) or collectively known as Vehicle-to-Everything Technology (C2VX) belongs to the troupe of wireless technology which is entirely focused on enhancing the road safety, improve traffic management and to bring in the new concept of Intelligent transport system (ITS) which is proficient in reducing the environmental impact over the vehicle.

A Vehicle-to-Everything Technology (C2VX) functions on 5.9GHz Dedicated Short Range Communication, which is a form of WiFi. This derivative of Wireless Fidelity is specially designed for fast moving objects which enable vehicles on the road to interact with each other, communicate their state, their position, speed, surrounding, and destination to other vehicles on the road and also to the infrastructure.

The technology while keeping in check its surrounding also alerts driver of the potential risks and dangers on the road such as collision, crash, pedestrian nearby, unsafe overtake, vehicle breaks ahead, road hazards or the car in blind spots, thereby reducing the overall impact of the surrounding environment over the vehicle by improving collision avoidance and reducing fatalities and injury severity.

Due to these amazing safety benefits of Vehicle-to-Everything Technology (C2VX), The Global Automotive Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) Market is poised for strong growth during the forecast period 2017 to 2027. Ford and telecom chip maker Qualcomm has also decided to take their partnership forward so that they can explore the nooks of C2VX further.


7 Modern Car Technologies that’ll Blow Your Mind in 2018

The car experts of one of the leading Mahindra Bolero Parts dealers like millions of people around the world also feel that the emergence of new car technologies will not slow down anytime soon. On the contrary, it is only going to get advanced with time. The latest annual gadget showcase, popularly known as the Consumer Electronics Show, the event which was widely popular for its cool and quirky gadgets 10 years back, is now flooded with car enthusiasts, because the focus of the program has now been shifted from gadgets to cars. This is ought to happen with the plethora of new and advanced car technologies making appearances every now and then stretching from keyless car entry, touch screen steering wheel, multi-terrain vehicles to autonomous driving, there is so much to go gaga over and make noise about. With these endless choices and car technologies you can’t miss to have in your own car, we know you are stuck in between what to look for and what to let go.

We are the most trusted suppliers of Mahindra Scorpio Parts for two reasons; first we are very proficient in delivering quality spare parts and accessories and second, we come up the lists like these often to help our esteemed users make wise decisions when it comes to automobiles. Here we are with yet another list of the most exciting- and most interesting- car technologies you’ll see surface in the automotive world in 2018. So, in case you are planning to gift yourself a brand new car this year, you’ll have in tow few technologies to look for in your next purchase.

Though there are a lot more to what we are going to present here, we have only curated the list of best car technologies for you.

Let’s get started!

Car Technologies Wireless Micro Charging

Mobile phones, as we all are aware have completely taken over our lives and there isn’t a time or a moment where we don’t need them. In this year’s Consumer Electronics Show, numerous automobile giants came up with the concept of adding wireless charging pads to their center consoles and interiors. This means you don’t have to carry your mobile charges or portable chargers for that matter everywhere. Simply hop in your and place your mobile on the wireless charging pad. The mobile will charge itself while you are driving. Though this feature is not that expensive, it is only available in few selected models of Toyota with higher trim levels.

Touch-Screen-Steering-WheelTouch Screen Steering Wheel

ZF Group is highly known for bringing innovative products and technologies to the automobile world and has been in the front driving seat (not literally) of autonomous car technology. This year also, the company is hinting towards coming up with new forms of steering wheels. According to the claims made by the company, the company is planning to add a touchscreen display at the center of the steering wheel, a more advanced airbag mechanism, a string of capacitive sensors and LEDs to make steering wheels more functional and useful for drivers.

Multi-Terrain Vehicle

Though this is one technology we have heard a lot about, very few automakers have been able to do anything extraordinary with this piece of car technology. Multi-Terrain Vehicles are expected to touch USD 3 billion by 2024 due to increasing utilization of these products for various utilities particularly in military & special forces, agriculture and forestry and especially by baby boomers, who are now more than happy to travel around the world after spending good portion of their lives taking care of their children. Multi-Terrain Vehicles are known for operating on the more rugged terrain.

Blockchain-TechnologyBlockchain Technology

Though the automobile industry is growing at a very substantial speed, the numbers of challenges and dilemmas the field has to face has also been increasing at a steady speed. One such problem is the occurrence of low-key companies and people selling imitation parts which are not only dangerous but are also up to some extent is affecting the reputation of the company of which these counterfeit parts are being sold. The companies are coming to numerous solutions to rectify this growing problem. They are planning to use blockchain technology to vet these fake parts and put a full stop to their growing availability in the market.

Rear-Cross-Traffic-AlertRear Cross Traffic Alert

When it comes to low speed but extremely expensive car crashes, parking lots are the places that have earned that title in their name. Backing out of a parking lot, even with a rear-view backup camera in place, can be a very dangerous exercise to carry out. To help drivers back out of the parking lots safely, Rear Cross Traffic Alert systems are introduced. In this unique system, sensors are placed at the rear end of the car and will alert you immediately if you have come too close to another car, pedestrians or even a shopping cart moving behind your car.

back-rear-view-camera-to-360-degree-cameraCameras for Everything

As far as this car technology is concerned, we have seen a lot happening in this area. From back-rear view camera to 360-degree camera that gives you a virtual top-down view of your surroundings, this technology is reaching new heights every year. Now moving a little further, the car camera technology is now gearing towards the cabin side of the vehicle, wherein the driver doesn’t have to turn around to look at the passengers sitting at the back. Honda Odyssey features a camera named “Cabin Watch” wherein the driver can keep a check on the passengers sitting back from the front of their vehicle without turning back.

App-Controlled-Car-FunctionsApp-Controlled Car Functions

Want to honk the horn, flash the lights or even start the car? Well, you don’t need keys for them anymore; all these features can now be controlled using mobile apps. And what’s more interesting is that you won’t be in the car or even close to it to do all this, just remotely. This eliminates the need for loaded keychains you have to carry around everywhere. Tesla Model 3 has no keys at all, just an app.

Ever Heard of Slotted and Drilled Rotors?

The auto parts experts of one of the leading Leyland Spare Parts dealers say that one of the most important systems of each and every vehicle rolled out to date is undeniably the brakes. What’s the fun in going fast, slow or not moving at all, if the drivers don’t have the ability to stop at all, it will all feel same and monotonous? A smooth and optimally working braking system is not only quintessential for vehicle control, but also for the safety of the driver and co-passengers in it. It is only because of the brakes that we able to come out alive and injury-free during situations of collision and crash. It won’t do much for you, even if you own a stellar-looking car if it doesn’t possess a braking system that allows you to slow down at an intersection or while navigating a turn. Having a properly functioning brake system allows you to monitor your braking distance, gives an ultimate control of the overall driving experience and an invaluable piece of mind that you can brake late when needed.

Ever Heard of Slotted and Drilled Rotors?

Now one of the most integral parts of a braking system is the brake rotors. When the driver applies the brakes, that is, when he pushes hard on the brake pedal, it engages the vehicle’s master cylinder, which starts transporting brake fluid into the brake lines all the way to the brake calipers. Now, these brake calipers lined with the brake pads surround the outer of the brake rotors. When the brakes are applied, the brake pads squeeze the rotor surface, which slows and gradually stops the wheels from rotating,

Different cars come with different brake rotor designs. The two of the most popular brake rotor designs are cross drilled or slotted. Today we are going to talk about these two rotor designs, the difference between these and which of these rotors is better and why.

Let’s start with cross-drilled brake rotors.

Cross Drilled Rotors: You’ll normally find Cross Drilled Rotors on most of the high-end sports cars. They feel really fast when equipped with a normal parked car. Cross-drilled brake rotors are designed to provide an escape for the accumulated gas and dirt collected between the brake pad and brake disc. The holes drilled into the cross drilled rotors are there to provide instant cooling to the vast surface between the brake pad and brake disc. This is done by directly granting them a link passage to the interior cooling vanes of the rotor. This is how the surface area between the brake pad and brake disc increases and the brake temperatures decreases.

Read Also: Lane Keeping Assist System: Keep Your Car in Lane

Slotted Drilled Rotors: Slotted Drilled Rotors are known for providing a significant power boost over smooth brake rotors that are common in normal parked cars. Due to heavy and sudden braking, the brake pads become prone to wear and increased outgassing. These two phenomenon cause the gas and dust to build up between the brake pad and the rotor surface. This causes a lapse in friction and in turn leads to “brake fade”. The friction surface of the Slotted Drilled Rotors has channels, or “slots” as the name suggests, machined into it.  These channels or “slots” provide an escape route for the accumulated gas and dirt collected between the brake pad and rotor. When the buildup gas and infinitesimal dirt particles are blown away from the surface, they basically follow the channels of the slot across the surface of the rotor, venting out heat as well, thereby reducing the likelihood of warpage due to overheating.

BP Auto Spares India is a leading Leyland Spare Parts dealer. Our wide range of spare parts knows no bounds. We have a ready stock of every single car and truck part needed for the smooth functioning. You can check our complete catalog here.